AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE JSS 1 FIRST TERM

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 WEEK 1

SUBJECT:   AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE



CLASS: JSS 1

TOPIC: Meaning, Definition and Importance of Agriculture


CONTENT:    1. Meaning of Agriculture
                        2. Definition of
Agriculture.
                        3. Importance of
Agriculture.


Sub
–topic
1.Meaning of
Agriculture
.
The term
“agriculture” is derived form two Latin words “ager” which means field and
“cultura” which means to cultivate. Literally, agriculture means field
cultivation. Field refers to a farmland where crops or animals are taken care
of. Cultivation refers to the act of nurturing or taking care of crops.
Definitions of Agriculture
     According
to an author, Agriculture by definition, is an art involving the production of
plants and animals for the use of man. This use may be in the form of food,
buildings, ornaments and clothing or it may be in the form of raw materials for
industry.
     In
another sense, agriculture
is the art and science of cultivating the land for the production of crops and
rearing of animals for man’s use.
It involves not only the
management of the soil, crops and animals but also the disposal of crops and
animals including their by – products through marketing.
EVALUATION:
·       
Mention the two Latin words from
which the term “agriculture” is derived.
·       
Literally, what does agriculture
refer to?
·       
Define agriculture.
Sub
– Topic
2: Importance of Agriculture.
A.     The important of agriculture to the
farmer.
     Agriculture
is import to the farmer in the following ways:
       
Agriculture provides food for the
farmer to keep him and his family alive. Food is the source of Carbohydrates,
Proteins, Fats and Oils, Vitamins and Minerals required and development.
       
It provides income (money) from the
sales of farm produce for local farmers.
       
It provides shelters for the farmer
and his domesticated animals. Roofing and furnishing materials used for
building are provided form agriculture.
       
It provides transport (e.g. Camels.
Donkeys and horses) are beasts of burden for carrying people and farm produce.
       
It provides fuel wood/firewood as
source of energy for cooking.
       
It provides herbs and other
substances, which serve as medicinal helps to the people.
       
It provides employment for many
people. About 70% of the Nigerian populations are farmers. They are
self-employed in local farming.
B.    Importance of agriculture to
the society.
The importance of agriculture to the
immediate society cannot be overemphasized. People moving in the streets, in
the office or in school at the end of daily activities need (food, clothing,
shelter) and other necessities to life most of which come from agricultural
sector. Therefore, every member of every household in the society depends
directly or indirectly on agriculture for daily sustenance.
    
C: 
Important of agriculture to the
Nation.
  
Provision
ofEmployment
Agriculture
provides employment for many people in most African Countries. Majority of
these people are farmers and they produce food for the nation.


  
 Raw materials for Industries.
Agriculture
provides raw materials such as Cottons for textile mills; timber for saw mills,
cocoa and coffee for beverage making, etc. this shows that most r t of the
industries in       

     
Foreign
exchange for countries
:
The
surplus produce of a country can be exported to increase the foreign
exchange  e.g. Nigeria exchange cocoa,
rubber for electronics, refrigerators, fans, etc from countries like Japan and
USA.
                 

     Source of National Income:
Agriculture
is Nigeria’s second largest source of National income/wealth after oil. Revenue
is realized from government sales of agricultural industries as well as export duties.

EVALUATION
·       
State the purpose of agriculture to
the farmer.
·       
Explain why agriculture is important
to the society.
·       
Why are the pupils, students,
employers, the jobless in the society able to survive from day to day?
·       
Why is agriculture regarded as a
source of energy to the farmer?
·       
What is the importance of
agriculture to the nation?
Weekend
assignment:
Junior secondary Agriculture
(workbook 1)by Anthony .Youdeowei et-al pages 1& 2
Pre
– reading Assignment :
     Read
about the
origin and history of agriculture as the next topic.
Weekend  Activity.
 
Make a list of 10 crops and five animal items useful to man.
REFERENCE
TEXTS:
    
Intensive Agricultural Science for
J.S.S. 1, 2 & 3 by E. U. Okaro.
    
Essentials of Agricultural Science
for J.S.S. & Colleges by Earnest ChukwudiAnie.
    
Agricultural Science for JSS (Upper
Basic Education) by L. A. Are et al.
    
Prescribed Agricultural Science for
J.S.S. by S. E. Omoruyi et al.

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